To reduce injury risk and increase comfort and safety, aim for ergonomically correct posture and movements. Slightly reclined position puts less pressure on the lower back than sitting upright.
Study authors recommend a 135-degree torso-thigh angle:
- Sit with hips a few inches higher than knees; rest feet flat and recline slightly. Place a small pillow behind the lower back if necessary.
- Stand with your chest high, shoulders back, abdominal muscles in and head held straight.
- When standing, periodically shift weight by walking or resting one foot on a step or block.
- Don’t slouch when seated. Scottish researchers found that sitting in a supported, Bend at the knees and avoid twisting motions to prevent back strain when lifting.
- Office workers: Keep tops of computer monitors at eye level or slightly below and align hands, wrists and forearms when typing.
- Health workers: Push – don’t pull – beds and equipment carts.
- Construction professionals: Choose tools with coated handles to reduce the impact